Collective Agreement Meaning in Urdu: Understanding the Concept

In Urdu, collective agreement is known as “جماعتی معاہدہ” or “جماعتی آئین”. The term refers to an agreement between an employer and a group of employees, represented by a union, or a workers` association. The agreement outlines the terms and conditions of employment, including wages, benefits, working hours, and job security.

Collective agreements are an essential component of labor relations, providing a legal framework for the rights and obligations of both employers and employees. They are designed to balance the needs of workers and employers, ensuring fair compensation and decent working conditions, while also promoting productivity and competitiveness.

In Pakistan, the concept of collective bargaining and the formation of unions is protected by the Constitution. The Industrial Relations Act, 2012, provides legal protection to workers` rights to form and join unions, negotiate collective agreements with employers, and engage in collective action such as strikes and protests.

Collective agreements are negotiated through a process of collective bargaining, wherein the union and employer representatives sit down to discuss the terms and conditions of employment. The negotiations are typically conducted in good faith, with both sides attempting to reach a mutually acceptable agreement.

Once a collective agreement is reached, it is binding on both parties and is enforceable in a court of law. The agreement typically has a set duration, usually ranging from one to three years. During this time, the terms and conditions of employment specified in the agreement cannot be changed without mutual agreement or renegotiation.

It is important to note that collective agreements apply only to workers who are members of the union or association that negotiated the agreement. Those who are not members of the union or association are not covered by the agreement.

In conclusion, collective agreement meaning in Urdu refers to an agreement negotiated between employers and workers` unions or associations that outlines the terms and conditions of employment. The concept is protected by law in Pakistan, and it is an essential component of labor relations, promoting fairness and balance in the workplace. Understanding this concept is crucial for workers and employers alike, as it establishes the framework for harmonious labor relations and ensures fair compensation and decent working conditions.